09 November, 2012

Sir Mohammad Iqbal علامہ اقبال

(Note: This is not a self created article, I have collected from websites, if u have any nazam, ghazal or other creation of Allama Iqbal please comment here. I want to collect all his poetry in the comment of this post... thanks)

Iqbal In Words:

Sir Muhammad Iqbal (November 9, 1877 – April 21, 1938), also known as Allama Iqbal  was a philosopher,poet and politician in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages.
Iqbal was born in Sialkot, within the Punjab Province of British India (now in Pakistan), on 9 November 1877. His forebears (grandparent) were Kashmiri Pandits, the Brahmins of the Sapru clan from Kashmir who converted to Islam. In the 19th century, when Sikhs were taking over rule of Kashmir, his grandfather's family migrated to Punjab. Iqbal often mentioned and commemorated about his Kashmiri Pandit Brahmin lineage in his writings.
Iqbal's poetic works are written primarily in Persian rather than Urdu. Among his 12,000 verses of poetry, about 7,000 verses are in Persian. In 1915, he published his first collection of poetry, theAsrar-e-Khudi (Secrets of the Self) in Persian. The poems emphasise the spirit and self from a religious, spiritual perspective. Many critics have called this Iqbal's finest poetic work. In Asrar-e-Khudi, Iqbal explains his philosophy of "Khudi," or "Self." Iqbal's use of the term "Khudi" is synonymous with the word "Rooh" mentioned in the Quran. "Rooh" is that divine spark which is present in every human being, and was present in Adam, for which God ordered all of the angels to prostrate in front of Adam. One has to make a great journey of transformation to realise that divine spark which Iqbal calls "Khudi".

His Work In Literature:

Prose book
  • Ilm ul Iqtisad (1903)
Poetic books in Persian
  • Asrar-i-Khudi (1915)
  • Rumuz-i-Bekhudi (1917)
  • Payam-i-Mashriq (1923)
  • Zabur-i-Ajam (1927)
  • Javid Nama (1932)
  • Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq (1936)
  • Armughan-e-Hijaz (1938) (in Persian and Urdu)
Poetic books in Urdu
  • Bang-i-Dara (1924)
  • Bal-i-Jibril (1935)
  • Zarb-i Kalim (1936)
  • Armugha e Hijaz
Books in English
  • The Development of Metaphysics in Persia (1908)
  • The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930)

Iqbal In Images:

A night view of the tomb.

Iqbal with Choudhary Rahmat Ali and other Muslim leaders

with his son Javed Iqbal

Iqbal with Muslim politicians.
(L to R): M. Iqbal (third)

maine kabhi apne ap ko shair nahi 

Iqbal In Links:

You can read this poet here.

Post a Comment