30 October, 2012

JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA جامعہ ملیہ اسلامیہ


Introduction

 Jamia was established in 1920 by a group of nationalist Muslim intelligentsia at Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh). Its campus shifted from Aligarh to Delhi in 1925 and the foundation stone of the present campus was laid on 1 March 1930. Since then, the university has expanded and become known as a premier educational institution of the country. Recognising its contributions in the field of teaching, research and extension work, the University Grants Commission (UGC) bestowed the “deemed university” status to it in 1962, and it was designated a Central University in 1988. The journey from Aligarh to Okhla (Delhi), not only presents the physical expansion of Jamia, but also presents a lesson for those who want to build educational institutions for the nation. It is therefore not surprising that Rabindranath
Tagore once called the University “one of the most progressive educational institutions of the country”.

Jamia and the Nationalist Alternative

Jamia was conceived as the National Muslim University in October 1920 on the campus of the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College set up by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan at Aligarh. Since its inception in 1892, the Aligarh College had produced an elite and middle class leadership that was actively involved with the nationalist movement in one manner or the other. The landed gentry connected with the Aligarh College had helped to form the All India Muslim League in 1906. At the same time, the educated and secular Muslim intelligentsia from the college was associated with the khilafat and non-cooperation movements led by Gandhiji and whose main plank of political mobilisation was Hindu-Muslim unity. The changing character of the nationalist movement in the Gandhian leadership had its impact on those connected with the Aligarh College. The syndicate of the college proclaimed that it had been founded to turn out “worthy and useful subjects of the British Crown”. In contrast, freedom fighters like, Mohammed Ali (the khilafat leader and the first vice-chancellor) and Hakim Ajmal Khan wanted to build an educational institution which would serve to inculcate both, modern education and nationalist ideals in students from all communities, particularly the Muslims. They also actively opposed the “two nation theory” propagated by the Muslim League. This stand brought about a split between the Muslim intelligentsia and the Jamia was born out of this ideological conflict. The formation of Jamia was supported by Gandhiji and Tagore who had himself initiated such an effort in Shanti Niketan. The start, which was made in Krishna Ashram of the Aligarh College campus, was also a difficult one with lack of funds and infrastructure. The new university demonstrated that a society with diverse cultures could be groomed into a modern nation on the basis of a shared culture and perspective. In Jamia, Hindu, Muslim and other students not only studied together, they also ate and lived together in a Spartan lifestyle. Teachers came from all over the country and lived the same simple lifestyles. The use of ‘khaddar’ for uniforms epitomised the nationalist principle that was to follow throughout its development. In 1924, after the withdrawal of khilafat, the institution faced a serious threat of closure. It then moved to Delhi and its reins were handed over to Dr Zakir Husain who aptly remarked: “The biggest objective of Jamia is to prepare a roadmap for the future of Indian Muslims with the religion of Islam at its core and to fill that roadmap with the colour of the civilisation of India in such a way that it merges with the colours of the life of the common man.” Jamia survived this transitional phase with the active support and involvement of leaders like Hakim Ajmal Khan, M.A. Ansari, Abid Husain and Mohammad Mujeeb who shared Zakir Husain’s vision for the institution. This phase of Jamia’s development was characterised by the equal sacrifices that were made by the staff and students of the university, and were ably aided by Gandhiji in their fund collection.

Jamia:: A reflection of a self reliant modern and secular nation

From its inception, the Jamia had catered to students from disadvantaged backgrounds (in contrast to the elite Aligarh College) and its course curriculum was suited to meet the needs of such students. The medium of instruction and learning was Hindi, Urdu and English, and by 1937, when the Jamia campus had already shifted to Okhla, the university was an active participant in spreading Gandhiji’s idea of nai talim which was popularly known as the ‘Wardha Scheme’. Under the leadership of Zakir Husain, the chief architect of Wardha Scheme, Jamia started the “Book Bank” project, the “Village (dehat) Project”, and “Subzi Mandi Project”. They also started programmes on sehat aur safai (health and hygiene), kapda (weaving), carpentry and soap making where students learnt the merits of combining manual labour along with broadening their intellectual horizons. Vocational training and school education became one of the cornerstones of Jamia education and models for innovative teaching.
At the threshold of independence, Jamia was emerging as a dynamic and unique institution that aspired for support from the independent Indian government. The trials and tribulations of a newly formed nation were also reflected in Jamia, which faced enormous financial difficulties in this period. However, the coping strategies used by the administration, staff and students themselves reflected the values of self-reliance and democratic functioning that were to form the core principles of Nehruvian India. Nehru assigned many roles to the founders of Jamia: both Zakir Husain and Mujeeb were inducted into the Planning Commission to develop a plan for integrated education. But despite these contributions to national development, they were forced to fight hard for a university status.



Contemporary Jamia
It was in 1962 that Jamia became a deemed university recognised by the University Act, 1956 under the leadership of Mohammad Mujeeb, “At last Jamia employees were able to draw regular salaries”. By 1963, regular teaching programmes like masters in history and education, and undergraduate programmes in the sciences were started. Thereafter, in 1969 doctoral programmes were started. The emergence of university as a premier institution of learning was recognised in 1988 when it was accorded the status of a Central University. Today, Jamia Millia Islamia is an ensemble of a multi-layered educational system which covers all aspects of schooling, undergraduate and postgraduate education. The university recognises that teaching and research are complementary activities that can advance its longterm interest. It has large Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, Engineering & Technology, Education, Humanities & Languages, Architecture & Ekistics, Fine Arts, Law and Dentistry Faculties; it has well known Centre of Mass Communication. Jamia Millia Islamia has also started several research centres that have given an edge to Jamia in terms of critical research in various areas. Obviously, these initiatives aim to promote new and emerging areas of research and programmes that can offer opportunities to its students and teachers to expand their horizons.
The Jamia Millia Islamia conducts Undergraduate, Postgraduate, M.Phil. and Ph.D. as well as Diploma and Certificate courses. The number of students in the university is 14,729 of which 7,407 are enrolled in undergraduate courses, 2,661 in postgraduate, 1,501 in M.Phil/Ph.D and 3,160 in Diploma/Certificate courses. Jamia Millia Islamia, as before, continues to cater to the interests of students from all communities, but also aims to meet the particular needs of the disadvantaged sections of the Muslim society. True to the legacy of its founders, it continues to support measures for affirmative action and foster the goals of building a secular and modern system of integrated education. Thus, Jamia Millia Islamia is constantly learning from its history to negotiate the new and emerging challenges facing a nation of the twenty first century.
                            SOME OTHER INFORMATION

The Founders

  • Dr. Mukhtar Ahmad Ansari (Delhi)
  • Mufti Kafayattullah (Delhi)
  • Maulana Abdul Bari Farang Mahali (UP)
  • Maulana Sulaiman Nadvi (Bihar)
  • Maulana Shabbir Ahmed Usmani (UP)
  • Maulana Husain Ahmad Madni (UP)
  • Chaudhury Khaleeq-uz-zaman (UP)
  • Nawab Mohammad Ismail Khan
  • Tasadduq Husain Khan (UP)
  • Dr. Mohammad Iqbal (Punjab)
  • Maulana Sanaullah Khan Amritsari (Punjab)
  • Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew (Punjab)
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Bengal and Bihar)
  • Dr. Syed Mehmood (Bengal and Bihar)
  • Saith Abdullah Haroon Karachiwale (Sindh, Bombay and Hyderabad)
  • Abbas Tyabiji (Sindh, Bombay and Hyderabad)
  • Sait Miyan Mohammad Haji Jaam Chhotani (Sindh, Bombay and Hyderabad)
  • Maulavi Abdul Haq (Sindh, Bombay and Hyderabad)

The Life Members

In 1928 the Staff members of Jamia Millia Islamia under the aspiring leadership of Dr. Zakir Husain resolved to form the Anjuman-e-Talimi-Milli (later to be known as Anjuman-e-Jamia Millia Islamia) whose members signed a pledge to serve Jamia for at least 20 years on a salary of not more than Rs. 150 per month. The following signed the pledge in the first instance.

Notable Alumni


  • Virender Sehwag (Cricketer)
  • Anwar Jamal ( Film Maker)
  • Shahrukh Khan (Actor / Producer)
  • Kiran Rao (Film Director / Producer)
  • Rahimuddin Khan
  • Barkha Dutt (Journalist, NDTV)
  • Gagan Ajit Singh (Hockey Player)
  • Prabhjot Singh
  • Mouni Roy
  • Kabir Khan (Film Director)
  • Niharika Acharya
  • Saad Aqueel
  • Haseeb Ahmad Shadab
  • Saheb Reza Khan
  • Roshan Abbas (RJ, Film Director)
  • Danish Aslam (Film Director)
  • Loveleen Tandan (Film Director)
  • Habib Faisal (Film Director)
  • Muzammil Ibrahim (Actor / Model)

Course Offered by Jamia

  • Faculty of Humanities and Languages
  • Faculty of Social Science
  • Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Natural Science
  • Faculty of Engineering and Technology
  • Faculty of  Polytechnic
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Architecture & Ekitics
  • Faculty of Fine Arts
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Faculty of Mass Communication Research Center
  • Faculty of Third World Studies
  • Course for Management Studies
  • Center for Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation Sciences
  • Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences
  • Nelson Mandela Center for Peace & conflict Resolution
  • Center for the study of Comparative Religions and Civilizations
  • Dr. K.R Narayanan Center for Dalits and Minorities Studies
  • Center for Spanish & Latin American Studies
  • Center for West Asian studies
  • Center for Jawahar Lal Nehru Studies
  • center for Culture, Media and Governance
  • India Arab Culture Center
  • Center for Early Childhood Development & Research.

References. 

Jamia's Prospectus
Some Jamia's Students
Self Visit




Post a Comment